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Belgrade lies at the crossing of the communication lines between Eastern and Western Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. It rises on the banks of the Sava and the Danube and the two rivers run along three sides of the city.

The geographic coordinate of Belgrade are:
- 44049'14'' North geographic latitude,
- 20027'44'' East geographic longitude,
- average elevation 116,75 m .

The Belgrade are also combines two different natural settings: the Panonian Plane with wheat and corn fields to the north, and Šumadija, with its vineyards and orchards, to the South of the Sava and the Danube. The most prominent peaks on the Šumadija border ridge are Mt. Kosmaj (628 m) and Mt. Avala (511 m).

The accented relief of Belgrade, to the south of the Sava and the Danube are the reason why this is a rather hilly city. The Holy Trinity Church on Torlak Hill (303,1 m) has the highest elevation in the Belgrade urban zone (Voždovac Municipality), whilst the lowest one is the Ada Huja Isle (70,15 m).


The urban core of Belgrade, encompasses an area of 36 km2, and the total municipal territory amounts to 322 km2.

The perimeter of the suburban area is 419 km. The greatest distance in the North-South direction is 92,98 km, and in the East-West direction is 67,50 km.

Administratively, Belgrade is subdivided into 17 municipalities:
- 10 urban (Čukarica, Novi Beograd, Palilula, Rakovica, Savski venac, Stari grad, Voždovac, Vračar, Zemun and Zvezdara),
- 7 suburban (Barajevo, Grocka, Lazarevac, Obrenovac, Mladenovac, Sopot and Surčin).


The Belgrade climate is moderate continental, with four seasons. The average annual air temperature is 11,90C. Autumn is longer than spring, with lengthy sunny and warm periods (Indian summer). Winter is not particularly harsh, and averages 21 one days with below zero temperatures. January is the coldest month of the year with an average temperature of 0,40C. Spring is rather short and rainy. Summer starts abruptly. The hottest months are July (21,70C) and August (21,30C).

Belgrade has a characteristic south-eastern and eastern wind called "košava", which brings fair and dry weather. It is most frequent in the fall and winter, lasting for 2-3 days. The average košava speed is 25-43 km/h, particularly when there is a high air pressure over Ukraine and Bessarabia, and low pressure over the Adriatic Sea.

Belgrade, has an annual average of 139 days with precipitation, including 27 days of snow. The most intense precipitaitions are in May and June, and in February they are the least. One-day rains are most frequent. The annual average of precipitations is 667,9 mm. The snow blanket averages 30 to 44 days, and its average thickness is 14-25 cm.

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